They had lost 369 men in the Great War, the second largest toll of the infantry regiments in the division. The 144th was mustered out in July 1919 back at Camp Bowie. The Meuse-Argonne Offensive (also known as Battles of the Meuse-Argonne and the Meuse-Argonne Campaign) was a major part of the final Allied offensive of World War I that stretched along the entire Western Front. It was fought from September 26, 1918 until the Armistice of November 11, 1918, a total of 47 days. The Meuse-Argonne Offensive was the largest in United States military history, involving 1.2 million American soldiers. It was one of a series of Allied attacks known as the Hundred Days Offensive, which brought the war to an end. The battle cost 28,000 German lives, 26,277 American lives and an unknown number of French lives. It was the largest and bloodiest operation of World War I for the American Expeditionary Force (AEF) even if, given the scale of other battles on the Western Front, its size was limited and the operation itself secondary as it was far from the main offensive axis. It was the deadliest battle in American history. U.S. losses were exacerbated by the inexperience of many of the troops, the tactics used during the early phases of the operation and the widespread onset of the influenza outbreak called the "Spanish Flu". Meuse-Argonne was the principal engagement of the American Expeditionary Forces during World War I.

 

AJ Newsome’s brother, James T. Newsome, born 2 May 1924, served in the U.S. Marine Corps, First Lieutenant, pilot, from enlistment on 18 August 1942 to 22 February 1946. He died 6 June 1997 and is buried in the Plano Mutual Cemetery, Plano, Collin Co., Texas.

 

As aviation cadets, brothers A.J. and James T. began nearly together. A.J. enlisted in the USAAF and his brother the U.S. Navy. A.J., a previous employee of Consolidated Aircraft in San Diego, CA, trained at Sheppard Field, Nashville, TN, then Maxwell Field, Alabama and at Union City, Tennessee. James started at Commerce, Athens, Georgia, then Memphis, Tennessee, and went to Pensacola Naval Air Station, Florida. Both were graduates of Denison High School, Denison, Texas, and were then 20 years and 19 years old, respectively.

A.J. Newsome