Regarding Operation Thursday, historian Raymond Callahan, author of Churchill and His Generals argues that "Wingate’s ideas were flawed in many respects. For one thing, the Imperial Japanese Army did not have Western-style supply lines to disrupt and they tended to ignore logistics generally. When Special Force launched itself into Burma in March 1944, Wingate’s ideas, so enchantingly laid out for Churchill, rapidly proved unworkable." The Japanese commander,  General Mutaguchi Renya, later stated that Operation Thursday had a significant effect on the Japanese campaign, saying "The Chindit invasion ... had a decisive effect on these operations ... they drew off the whole of 53 Division and parts of 15 Division, one regiment of which would have turned the scales at Kohima." [The previous history was nearly entirely copied from Wikipedia]

On 24 March 1944, a B-25H, # 43-4242, assigned to 1st Air Commando Squadron, departed the air field at Imphal, India and, at 2030 hours, crashed near Thelon, India. The wreckage of the C-47 was located in Manipur Pradish, India and recovery of some remains was concluded. The unidentifiable remains recovered by allied Graves Registration teams buried them in a single-casket one-grave burialin Arlington National Cemetery. Those remains included are believed to be of the following: British Capt. G.H. Borrow, MC, British War Correspondent Stewart Emeny,1stLt Brian F. Hodges, USAAF, TSgt James W. Hickey, USAAF, SSgt James W. McIninch, USAAF, TSgt Frank Sadoski, USAAF, 2ndLt Stephen A. Wanderer, USAAF, British War Correspondent Stanley Wills, British Major General Orde Charles Wingate, D.S.C. (Arlington Cemetery, Section 12, site 288).

The first memorial service was held at the crash site in March 1944, with full military honours, with Maj-Gen W. D. A. Lentaigne, Lord Louis Mountbatten, another officer and several British troops in attendance. A wooden cross was put in place; the cross held a round inscribed metal plaque, at its centre, which read: ‘Maj-Gen O. C. Wingate, DSO / Capt. G. H. Borrow, MC / Mr. Stewart Emeny (War Correspondent) / Mr. Stanley Wills (War Correspondent) / 1st Lieut. Brian E. F. Hodges, USAAF / 2nd Lieut. Stephan A. Wanderer, USAAF/ Tech Sgt Frank Sadoski, USAAF / S Sgt James W. Hickey, USAAF / S Sgt Vernon A. McInnich, USAAF’ The plaque was decorated with a simple line image of a chinthe (‘chindit’) and a pagoda spire.

In 1947 the remains of these crash victims were disinterred from their original burial place with the cooperation of allied graves affairs personnel and buried in the British War Cemetery at Imphal in India. As the severe impact of the crash prevented establishing which remains were which person, the policy of the time was for the remains to be buried in the nation from which the majority of the victims originated, the United States. On 10 November 1950 the intermingled remains were disinterred from the British War Cemetery at Imphal and buried, with full military honours, at Arlington Cemetery in the USA. The grave reference is Sec. 12. Collective Grave 288.

BORROW, GEORGE HENRY, Captain, Service # 228934, British Royal Army

 

George H. Borrow was born in late 1921 in Kensington, London South West to Major Edward Borrow (1879-1960) and Alys Mable Constance (Reade) Borrow (1881-1971) of Diss, Norfolk, England.

On 16 December 1943, as a Lieutenant, he was awarded the Military Cross (combat gallantry award) for his service with the 13th Battalion, The King’s Regiment, in Burma. In his career with the British Army, he had become the Aide-de-Camp to Major General Orde Charles Wingate. His assignment was to the Royal Sussex Regiment, Infantry. He served with the Chindits. On 24 March 1944, a B-25H, # 43-4242, assigned to 1st Air Commando Squadron, departed the air field at Imphal, India and, at 2030 hours, crashed near Thelon, India. The wreckage of the C-47 was located in Manipur Pradish, India and recovery of some remains was concluded. The unidentifiable remains recovered by allied Graves Registration teams buried them in a single-casket one-grave burial in Arlington National Cemetery.